To Avoid the Middle-Income Trap: The Future of Innovation in China
Bridget C. Lu

With 7.65 million graduates, 1.339 million patents, and 2.54 trillion RMB spent in R&D, China remains a follower of international innovation rather than a leader. This public policy research paper entitled ?To Avoid the Middle-Income Trap: The Future of Innovation in China" examines the current state of Chinese innovation, analyzing existing literature in addition to conducting interviews with scholars, economists, and experts in order to propose three key areas for reform. 1. Education China‘s stifled creativity is commonly attributed to its exam-oriented culture, producing ideal students but far fewer trailblazers. This paper calls for a holistic restructuring of the education system in addition to minimizing state censorship of academic research. 2. Financial Regulation The Chinese economy‘s heavy dependence on state-owned enterprises perpetuates an unhealthy financial environment for innovation in the private sector. In order to create space for new ideas in previously state-dominated sectors, new bankruptcy policies should be drafted, and capital allocated to SOEs should be reduced. 3. Business Environment China‘s domestic growth is further hindered by internet censorship and failure to protect intellectual property rights. Reevaluating the Great Firewall and strengthening IP regulations will attract more entrepreneurs and innovators by fostering a more conducive business atmosphere. These reforms will be China‘s final push to avoid the middle-income trap, promoting its continued economic growth and fostering a culture of innovation.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/ppar.v6n2a2